德甲下注

山东海龙智能工程有限公司污水处理电话
山东海龙智能工程有限公司

城市污水处理方法

浏览次数:189 日期:2017-01-05 08:41

德甲下注   CHUANTONGCHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUICHULIZHUYAOCAIYONGXIAOHUA-FANXIAOHUAGONGYI,TONGGUOGAOPUQILIANGHEWAIJIAYUANLAIDADAOTUODANDEXIAOGUO,CHANSHENGHENDUOBUBIYAODECHULIFEIYONG[1]. YANYANGANYANGHUAZIYANGTUODANGONGYIXIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGTUODANGONGYIKEJIESHENG60%DEPUQILIANG,WUXUYOUJITANZUOWEITANYUAN,CONGERKEYICHONGFENLIYONGCHENGSHIWUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUCHANSHENGNENGYUANWUZHI——JIAWAN[2],QIEBUHUICHANSHENGCO2HEN2O,SHIYIZHONGKECHIXUWUSHUICHULIJISHU,SHANDONGHAILONGZHINENGWUSHUICHULISHEBEICHANGJIAWEININJIESHAOYIXIAWUSHUICHULIDEYIXIEFANGFA。

  DANSHIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNDUIYOUJIWU、DO、WENDUHEGUANGDENGHUANJINGYINSUFEICHANGMINGAN,ERYUCHULIGUOHOUDESHENGHUOWUSHUIRENGHUIHANYOUYIDINGLIANGDECOD、DODENGWUZHI,SHIDEYANYANGANYANGHUAXITONGSHOUDAOYINGXIANG[5, 6, 7]. KalyuzhnyiDENG[8]FAXIAN,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUNKEYIGONGSHENG,TONGGUOLIANGZHONGXIJUNDEXIETONGZUOYONG,KEYIYOUXIAODIKEFUYOUJIWUDUIYUYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGDEYIZHI; TohDENG[9]ZAILIYONGYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNCHULIJIAOHUAFEISHUIDEYANJIUZHONGFAXIANLEFANXIAOHUAJUNDECUNZAI; SabumonDENG[10]ZHENGSHILEYOUJITANCUNZAIDEHUANJINGXIA,YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGNENGGOUJINXING,QIEZAIORPWEI(-248±25)mVSHIYIBUFENNH4+HUIBEIYANGHUAWEINO3-TONGGUOFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGBEIQUCHU. BENYANJIUYINH4+-N、 NO3--NWEIJIZHICHENGGONGQIDONGLEANAMMOXFANYINGQI,BINGZHUBUXIANGFANYINGQINEITIANJIAYOUJIWU,FENXIBUTONGC/NBIDUIYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGDEYINGXIANG,YIQIWEIYANYANGANYANGHUAGONGYICHULICHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUIDESHIJIYINGYONGTIGONGJISHUZHICHI。

  1 CAILIAOYUFANGFA

  1.1 SHIYANCAILIAO

  1.1.1 GONGYILIUCHENGHEZHUANGZHI

  SHIYANSUOYONGZHUANGZHIFENWEIABRQUTANFANYINGQIHEABRYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQILIANGGEBUFEN(JIANTU 1),JUNYOUYOUJIBOLIZHICHENG. YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIZHANG20 cm,KUAN14 cm,GAO28 cm,YOUXIAORONGJIWEI2.7 L. FANYINGQIFENWEILIANGGEGESHI,MEIGESHISHENGJIANGLIUXIANGGEJIANKUANDUBIWEI6 ∶1,ZHELIUBANDAOXIANGJIAOWEI45°,JIANGFANYINGQIZHEGUANGFANGZHIYUSHUIYUGANGZHIZHONG,WENDUWEICHIZAI27℃ZUOYOU. FANYINGQICAIYONGLIANXUJINSHUIHEYILIUCHUSHUIDEFANGSHI,CAIYONGRUDONGBENGKONGZHIJINSHUILIANGCONGERKONGZHISHUILITINGLIUSHIJIAN.

德甲下注   TU 1 SHIYANZHUANGZHISHIYI

德甲下注   1.1.2 JIEZHONGWUNI

  BENSHIYANABRYANYANGANYANGHUAXITONGSUOYONGWUNIYOUSHIYANSHIPEIYANGCHENGSHUDEYANYANGANYANGHUAKELIWUNIHEYANYANGKELIWUNIAN1 ∶1JIEZHONG,JIEZHONGLIANGGONG1 L. JIEZHONGCHUQIFANYINGQIHUNHEYEMLSSWEI8.5g ·L-1,WUNIRONGJIZHISHU(SVI)WEI39 mL ·g-1,WUNICHENJIANGXINGNENGLIANGHAO.

德甲下注   1.1.3 SHIYANJINSHUI

  ABRYANYANGANYANGHUAXITONGGENJUJINSHUIBUTONGFENWEI3GEJIEDUAN. DIYIJIEDUAN,JINSHUICAIYONGRENGONGPEISHUI,GENJUYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGHUAXUEJILIANGBI1 ∶1.32[11],YOUNH4ClTIGONGNH4+-N,NONGDUWEI 50 mg ·L-1; NaNO2 TIGONGNO2--N,NONGDUWEI65 mg ·L-1; DIERJIEDUAN,XIANGFANYINGQINEIZHUJIANZENGJIAYISUANNAZUOWEIYOUJIWU,NONGDUWEI0~200 mg ·L-1,CAIYONGNaHCO3DIAOJIEJINSHUIpHZAI8ZUOYOU,BINGTIANJIAKH2PO4、 MgSO4、 CaCl2HEWEILIANGYUANSU; DISANJIEDUANCAIYONGSHIYANSHIWENDINGYUNXINGDEABRCHUSHUI,LINGWAIZAITOUJIANaNO2ZUOWEIJIZHI,ZUOWEIBENJIEDUANYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIYONGSHUI. SHIYANSHICAIYONGABRFANYINGQICHULICHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUI,YIWENDINGYUNXING120 d,CHUSHUICODNONGDUZAI80 mg ·L-1ZUOYOU,NH4+-N ZAI30 mg ·L-1ZUOYOU,LINGWAITOUJIANaNO2DIAOJIEJINSHUINO2--NNONGDUWEI39 mg ·L-1,CAIYONGNaHCO3DIAOJIEJINSHUIpHWEI8.

  1.2 FENXIXIANGMUJIFANGFA

德甲下注   1.2.1 FENXIFANGFA

  ZHUYAOSHUIZHIZHIBIAODECESHIFANGFA: COD,KUAISUXIAOJIEFENGUANGGUANGDUFA; NH4+-N,NASHISHIJIFENGUANGGUANGDUFA; NO2--N,N-(1-NAIJI)-YIERANFENGUANGGUANGDUFA; NO3--N,ZIWAIFENGUANGGUANGDUFA; TN,GUOLIUSUANJIAYANGHUA-ZIWAIFENGUANGGUANGDUFA; pHCAIYONGpHS-9VSHUXIANSUANDUJICEDING; RONGJIEYANG,YSI550A RONGYANGYI; MLSS,LVZHICHENGZHONGFA.

德甲下注   1.2.2 SHIYANFANGFA

  本实验分为3个阶段,第Ⅰ阶段,利用ABR反应器,维持HRT为10 h,在无有机碳源、 低氨氮负荷的条件下培养厌氧氨氧化菌,启动厌氧氨氧化反应. 第Ⅱ阶段,为考察反应器对含有有机物、 氨氮和亚硝酸盐的低C/N比污水的处理性能,逐步向反应器内添加乙酸钠作为有机碳源,研究厌氧氨氧化与反硝化的协同作用,并调节C/N比为0.5、 1和2,考察不同C/N比条件下厌氧氨氧化协同反硝化反应的脱氮性能. 第Ⅲ阶段,进水基质变为预处理后的生活污水,污水处理设备厂家进一步考察厌氧氨氧化协同反硝化反应器处理城市生活污水的性能.

  2 JIEGUOYUFENXI

  2.1 YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIDEQIDONG

  BENSHIYANFANYINGQIZAIWUYOUJITANYUAN、 DIANDANFUHEDETIAOJIANXIAJINXINGQIDONG(1~45 d),JINSHUINO2--NHENH4+-NNONGDUANZHAO1 ∶1.3PEISHUI,FENBIEWEI50 mg ·L-1HE65 mg ·L-1,HRTWEI10 h,pHWEI8,TNFUHEWEI0.7 kg ·(m3 ·d)-1,YIYANYANGANYANGHUAKELIWUNIHEFANXIAOHUAKELIWUNIHUNHEJIEZHONGQIDONGFANYINGQI.

德甲下注   FANYINGQIQIDONGQIAN10 d,FANYINGQICHUYUSHIYINGQI,NH4+-NQUCHULVJIAODI,NO2--NQUCHULVZHUJIANSHENGGAO(TU 2). ZHEISHIYINWEIJIEZHONGWUNIZAIXINHUANJINGZHONG,YOUYIBUFENJUNQUNLIEJIE、 SIWANG,BEIYIYANGJUNFENJIECHANSHENGDALIANGNH4+-N,DAOZHICHUSHUINH4+-NHANLIANGJIAOGAO[13]. ERJIEZHONGDEFANXIAOHUAKELIWUNIKEYILIYONGXIJUNFENJIECHANSHENGDEYOUJIWUJINXINGFANXIAOHUAZUOYONG,JIANGNO2--NHENO3--NZHUANHUAWEIN2,DAOZHICHUSHUINO2--NHENO3--NHANLIANGJIAODI.

德甲下注   TU 2 ABRFANYINGQIYUNXINGQIJIANTUODANXINGNENG

德甲下注   JINGGUOBANGEYUEZUOYOUDEYUNXING,FANYINGQINH4+-NHENO2--NQUCHULVBUDUANSHENGGAO,DANCHUSHUINO3--NNONGDUCHENGSHANGSHENGQUSHI. GENJUBAODAO1 mol NH4+YU1.31 mol NO2-FANYINGCHUSHENGCHENGN2ZHIWAI[10],HAIHUICHANSHENG0.26 molDENO3-[JIANSHI(1)],HUIDAOZHICHUSHUIZHONGHANYOUYIDINGLIANGDENO3--N. ERFANYINGQINEIYOUJIWUZAIDIYIJIEDUANBEIXIAOHAOWANHOU,YOUYUQUESHAOTANYUAN,FANXIAOHUAFANYINGWUFAJINXING,DAOZHICHUSHUINO3--NHANLIANGKAISHIZENGJIA.

  JINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANDEPEIYANG,FANYINGQICHUSHUISHUIZHIWENDINGZAIJIAOGAOSHUIPING. FANYINGQICHUSHUINO2-、 NH4+HENO3-NONGDUPINGJUNZHIFENBIEWEI1.1、 4.1HE13.7 mg ·L-1,TNPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI83%. TU 3WEIYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIFANYINGHUAXUEJILIANGXUEGUANXI,XIANSHILEFANYINGQINO2--NDEQUCHULIANGYUNH4+-NQUCHUBIZHI(ΔNO2--N/ΔNH4+-N)HENO3--NDECHANSHENGLIANGYUNH4+-NQUCHULIANGDEBIZHI(ΔNO3--N/ΔNH4+-N)SUISHIJIANDEBIANHUAGUANXI. YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGDESANDANBIΔNH4+-N ∶ΔNO2--N ∶ΔNO3--NLILUNZHIWEI1 ∶1.32 ∶0.26[10],CHULEYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYING,FANYINGQINEIKENENGCUNZAIDEFANXIAOHUAFANYINGHEXIAOHUAFANYINGDUIZHEILIANGGEJILIANGXUECANSHUDOUYOUYINGXIANG[2],YINCIFANYINGQINEIDEHUAXUEJILIANGXUEGUANXIHECHUSHUIDESHUIZHIKEYIYONGYUZUOWEIYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIQIDONGCHENGGONGDEBIAOZHUN. GAIJIEDUANPINGJUNSANDANBIΔNH4+-N ∶ΔNO2--N ∶ΔNO3--NWEI1 ∶1.31 ∶0.27,JIEJINLILUNZHI,BIAOXIANCHUMINGXIANDEYANYANGANYANGHUATEXING,SHUOMINGYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIQIDONGCHENGGONG.

  TU 3 YUNXINGQIJIANYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGDEHUAXUEJILIANGXUEGUANXI

德甲下注   2.2 YANYANGANYANGHUAYUFANXIAOHUAXIETONGTUODAN

德甲下注   CONGTU 2(a)~2(c)KEYIKANCHU,NO3--NZHANLECHUSHUITNDE70%YISHANG,SHIDAOZHITNQUCHULVJIAODIDEZHUYAOYINSU. ZAILIYONGYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQICHULISHIJIWUSHUIGUOCHENGZHONG,JINSHUIZHONGBUKEBIMIANDIHANYOUYIDINGLIANGDEYOUJITAN. YOUYANJIUBIAOMING,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNYUFANXIAOHUAJUNNENGZAIYIGEFANYINGQINEIGONGCUN,FANXIAOHUAJUNLIYONGYOUJIWUJIANGFANYINGQINEIDENO3-ZHUANHUAWEIN2,KEJIECHUYOUJIWUDUIYANYANGANYANGHUADEYIZHIZUOYONG; TONGSHIFANXIAOHUACHANSHENGDECO2HAIKEWEIYANYANGANYANGHUATIGONGWUJITANYUAN,LIANGZHEKESHIXIANXIETONGZUOYONG[14]. DANSHIGUOGAODECODHUIDAOZHIFANXIAOHUAJUNDEGUODUFANZHI,YUYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNJINGZHENGBINGYOUXIANLIYONGNO2-,CONGERYIZHIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHUOXING[9]. YINCIZAIDIⅡJIEDUAN(46~132 d),BENSHIYANSHEJILEBUTONGDEJINSHUICOD/TN(C/N)BI,KAOCHAABRFANYINGQIZHONGCODDUITUODANDEYINGXIANGYIJIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUNDEXIANGHUZUOYONG.

  2.2.1 C/NBIWEI0.5

  XIANGJINSHUIZHONGTIANJIASHAOLIANGDEYOUJIWU,WEICHIJINSHUIC/NBIZAI0.5ZUOYOU(46~67 d). CONGTU 2KEYIKANCHU,FANYINGQINO2-HENH4+QUCHULVWUMINGXIANBIANHUA,DANSHICHUSHUIPINGJUNNO3--NNONGDUCONGWEITIANJIAYOUJIWUSHI(JIEDUAN1)DE13.7 mg ·L-1XIAJIANGDAO10.2 mg ·L-1,XIAJIANGLE25%,TNQUCHULVCONG83%SHANGSHENGDAO85%. BENJIEDUANPINGJUNSANDANBIWEI1 ∶1.35 ∶0.15,ΔNO2--N/ΔNH4+-NBILILUNZHIPIANDA,ΔNO3--N/ΔNH4+-NBILILUNZHIPIANXIAO,SHUOMINGFANYINGQINEIYOUYIBUFENNO2-HENO3-TONGGUOFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGBEIQUCHU. YINWEIBENSHIYANFANYINGQIZHONGJIEZHONGLEYIBUFENYANYANGKELIWUNI,DAOZHIFANYINGQINEIHANYOUYIDINGLIANGDEFANXIAOHUAJUN,JINSHUIZHONGJIARULEYOUJITANHOUFANYINGQIZHONGDEYIYANGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNBEIXUNSUJIHUO,JIANGNO2-HEYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGCHANSHENGDEYIBUFENNO3-HAIYUANWEIN2. ZHEIYUWENXIAN[15, 16, 17, 18]DEYANJIUJIEGUOYIZHI,COD/NH4+-NBIZHIZAI0~1.57ZHIJIANDUIYANYANGANYANGHUAGUOCHENGQUCHUNH4+HENO2-WUMINGXIANYINGXIANG,FANERKEYITONGGUOYIYANGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGTIGAOTNQUCHULV.

德甲下注   ZAIYOUJIWUCUNZAIDEYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQINEIZHUYAOCUNZAIZHEYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYING(ANAMMOX)[SHI(1)]、DUANCHENGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAFANYING1[SHI(2)]、 DUANCHENGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAFANYING2[SHI(3)]HEQUANCHENGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENG(denitrification)[SHI(4)]. ZAIZHEIXIEFANYINGZHONG,YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGWUXUYOUJITANYUAN,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNKELIYONGNH4+ZUOWEIDIANZIGONGTI,YUNO2-FANYINGSHENGCHENGN2DADAOTUODANDEMUDE. DUANCHENGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAFANYING1、 DUANCHENGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAFANYING2HEQUANCHENGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAFANYINGXUYAOYIYOUJITANYUANZUOWEIDIANZIGONGTI,SHIXIANNO3-HENO2-DEHAIYUAN. YINCIDANDEQUCHUTUJINGKEYITONGGUOJISUANDUANCHENGXIAOHUAZUOYONGDEFANYING1、 2HEQUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGXIAOHAODECODHEQUCHUDETNLAITUICHU,JIANGONGSHI(5)~(6). TU 4WEIJIYUSHIYANJIEGUOHESHANGSHUTIDAODESHI(1)~(4)ERJISUANCHUDEJIEGUO. TUICEZAIDIERJIEDUAN,C/NBIWEI0.5SHI,TONGGUOYANYANGANYANGHUATUJINGQUCHUDEDANPINGJUNZHAN80%,YIYANGFANXIAOHUADEGONGXIANZHAN18%,QITAFANGSHIRUANHUIFA、 WEISHENGWUHECHENGZUOYONGDENGZHAN2%,ZHENGMINGZAIC/NBIWEI0.5SHI,YANYANGANYANGHUAZHANTUODANGUOCHENGDEZHUDAODIWEI.

  TU 4 ABRFANYINGQIDANQUCHUFENXI

德甲下注   2.2.2 C/NBIWEI1

  DANGC/NBIYOU0.5SHANGSHENGWEI1(68~89 d),RUTU 2SUOSHI,SUIZHECODNONGDUDESHENGGAO,FANYINGQINO2-HENH4+QUCHULVRENGWUMINGXIANBIANHUA,DANSHICHUSHUINO3-NONGDUDAFUDUXIAJIANGDAO4 mg ·L-1ZUOYOU,DUITNPINGJUNQUCHULVYEWEICHIZAI90%YISHANG,FANYINGQIDADAOLIANGHAODETUODANXIAOGUO. CONGTU 4ZHONGKEYIKANCHU,FANXIAOHUASUOZHANBILIZENGJIA,TONGGUOFANXIAOHUAQUCHUDEDANYIJINGZHAN34%. XIANRAN,CHONGZUDEYOUJIWUKEYIZENGQIANGFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGDADAOGENGGAODEZONGDANQUCHULV.

德甲下注   ZAI79~89 dQIJIAN,CHUSHUISHUIZHIBAOCHIWENDING,TNPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI94%,SHUOMINGYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHEYIYANGFANXIAOHUAJUNNENGGONGCUNBINGXIETONGTUODAN. YOUYANJIUFAXIAN[17, 21, 22],DANGCOD/NO2-BIWEI2SHI,ZHENGGEFANYINGZHOUQIGUOCHENGZHONGDOUYOUYAXIAOSUANYANDECUNZAI,KEYIBIMIANZAIYOUJITIAOJIANXIAYIYANGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGDUIYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGDEYIZHI. DANGFANYINGTIXIZHONGYAXIAOSUANYANCHONGZUSHI,FANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGDUIYANYANGANYANGHUAHUOXINGWUMINGXIANYINGXIANG. YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNYUFANXIAOHUAJUNZAIDUIYAXIAOSUANYANDEJINGZHENGZHONGDADAOPINGHENG,SHIQIWEICHIXIETONGZUOYONGDEGUANJIAN. LAIYANGLANDENG[23]ZAICAIYONGUASBFANYINGQIPEIYANGYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNSHIFAXIANZUIJIACOD/TNBIWEI1.46,ZAICOD/TNBIDAYU2SHIHUIYIZHIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNDEHUOXING. GAOFAN[19]DEYANJIUBIAOMINGZAICOD ∶NO2- ∶NH4+WEI0.6 ∶1.26 ∶1SHIDADAOZUIJIADEZONGDANQUCHULV. CONGSHANGWENKEYIDECHU,ZAIJIAODIC/NBITIAOJIANXIASHI,YOUJIWUBUHUIPOHUAIYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGDEJINXING,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNNENGYUYIYANGFANXIAOHUAJUNGONGSHENG,BINGKEYIJINYIBUTIGAOFANYINGQITUODANXIAOLV.

德甲下注   2.2.3 C/NBIWEI2

  ZONGSHANGSHIYANJIEGUOZHONGKEYIKANCHUDANGC/NBIWEI0.5HE1SHI,YOUJIWUDECUNZAIDUIYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGMEIYOUXIANZHUDEYINGXIANG,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUNNENGZAIJIAODIDEYOUJIWUNONGDU(COD<100 mg ·L-1)XIAGONGCUNBINGSHIXIANXIETONGTUODAN. DANSHIZAISHIJIFEISHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,JINSHUICODJINGCHANGHUICHUXIANJIAODADEBODONG,YINCIBENSHIYANTANJIULEZAIJIAOGAODEC/NBITIAOJIANXIAFANYINGQIDETUODANXIAOGUO.

  ZAIDI90~109 d,JINSHUIDEC/NBITIGAODAO2SHI,CONGTU2KEYIKANCHU,CHUSHUINH4+NONGDUDAFUSHANGSHENG,NO2-HENO3-NONGDUYIRANWENDINGZAIJIAODISHUIPING,CIJIEDUANSANDANBIPINGJUNZHIWEI1 ∶1.89 ∶0.01. ZAIGAOC/NBITIAOJIANXIA,YIYANGFANXIAOHUAJUNHUOXINGZENGQIANG,FANYINGQINEIJUEDABUFENNO3-TONGGUOFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGBEIQUCHU; ERΔNO2--N/ΔNH4+-NDAFUDUSHANGSHENG,SHUOMINGDALIANGDENO2-BEIYONGYUFANXIAOHUAFANYING,FANYINGQINEIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNYOUYUQUESHAODIANZISHOUTIHUOXINGSHOUDAOYIZHI. TNDEPINGJUNQUCHULVXIAJIANGZHI78%,TONGGUOYANYANGANYANGHUATUJINGQUCHUDEDANJINZHAN39%,YIYANGFANXIAOHUATUODANZHANZONGDANQUCHUDE52%. ZAIYOUJIWU、 ANHEYAXIAOSUANYANGONGCUNSHI,FANXIAOHUAFANYINGDEJIBUSIZIYOUNENG(-427 kJ ·mol-1)DIYUYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYING(-335 kJ ·mol-1),FANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGGENGRONGYIFASHENG,GENGRONGYIDEDAOQIGONGTONGDEDIANZISHOUTINO2-[24]; LINGWAI,FANXIAOHUAJUNZENGZHANGSULVYUANDAYUYANYANGANYANGHUAJUN[25],DAOZHIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNBEIYIZHI. ZAIBENJIEDUAN,FANYINGQINEIDEFANXIAOHUAJUNYIJINGCHAOGUOYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNCHENGWEIZHUDAO,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUNDEXIETONGZUOYONGBEIPOHUAI[26].

  2.2.4 YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIDEHUIFU

德甲下注   FANYINGQINEIC/NBIWEI2,JICODWEI200 mg ·L-1ZUOYOUSHI,YOUYUYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHUOXINGDADAJIANGDI,DAOZHITNQUCHULVJIJUXIAJIANG,WEILEKAOCHAYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIZAIYOUJIFUHECHONGJIXIADEHUIFUNENGLI,ZAIDI110~133 d,CAIYONGBUHANYOUJITANDEJINSHUIPEIYANGYANYANGANYANGHUAJUN.

德甲下注   YOUTU2ZHONGKEYIKANCHU,JINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANDEXUNHUA,CHUSHUINH4+-NNONGDUZHUJIANXIAJIANG,DANSHINO3--NHENO2--NNONGDUCHENGSHANGSHENGQUSHI,SHUOMINGZAIQUESHAOYOUJITANDETIAOJIANXIA,FANXIAOHUAFANYINGSHOUDAOYIZHI. ZAIDI127 d NH4+-NDEQUCHULVDADAO89%,NO2--NCHUSHUINONGDUXIAJIANGZHI1.3 mg ·L-1,TNQUCHULVHUIFUZHI81%. CISHIFANYINGQISANDANBIWEI1 ∶1.32 ∶0.26,SHUOMINGYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNDEHUOXINGSHOUDAOJIAOGAONONGDUYOUJIWUDEYIZHIHOU,JINGGUOWUJIJINSHUIDEXUNHUA,KEZAIJIAODUANSHIJIANNEIDEDAOHUIFU. YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNZHONGDEFUMEIJUNMENWEISHENGWUNENGNAISHOUGAONONGDUYOUJITANYUAN,ZAIGAOYOUJIFUHEXIARENGNENGBAOCHIGAOXIAODETUODANZUOYONG[27]. BENSHIYANCAIYONGKELIWUNIFUJIYANYANGANYANGHUAJUN,WUNILIUSHILIANGJIAOSHAO,ZAIYOUJIFUHEDECHONGJIXIA,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHUOXINGSHOUDAOYIZHI,DANSHISHULIANGBINGWEIDALIANGJIANSHAO,CITEXINGKEYISHIFANYINGQIZAIYOUJIFUHEJIANGDIZHIHOUXUNSUHUIFU,SHIFANYINGQIJUYOUYIDINGDEKANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLI.

  2.3 YANYANGANYANGHUAXIETONGFANXIAOHUACHULISHENGHUOWUSHUI

德甲下注   MUQIAN,YANYANGANYANGHUAGONGYIYIBEIYONGYUCHULISHIJIGAOANDANFEISHUI,LIRULAJISHENLVYE[28]、 WUNIXIAOHUAYE[29]、 CHUQINFENBIANFEISHUI[30]DENG,CAIYONGCIGONGYICHULIDIANDANNONGDUDESHIJISHENGHUOWUSHUIDEYANJIUJIAOWEISHAOJIAN. BENSHIYANZHONG,CAIYONGYANYANGANYANGHUAXIETONGFANXIAOHUAGONGYICHULIDIFUHEHANDANFEISHUI,ZAINH4+NONGDUWEI50 mg ·L-1,C/NBIWEI1SHI,KEDEDAOLIANGHAODECHULIXIAOGUO,TNQUCHULVKEWENDINGZAI90%YISHANG,BINGJUYOUYIDINGDEKANGYOUJIFUHECHONGJINENGLI. WEIKAOCHAYANYANGANYANGHUAXIETONGFANXIAOHUAFANYINGQICHULICHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUIDEXINGNENG,CAIYONGSHIYANSHIWENDINGYUNXINGDEABRCHUSHUI,LINGWAIZAITOUJIANaNO2TIGONGNO2--N,ZUOWEIBENJIEDUANYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIYONGSHUI.

德甲下注   ZAIDIⅢJIEDUAN(133~153 d),YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQIJINSHUIC/NBIZAI1.1ZUOYOU,JINGGUO20 dDEYUNXING,FANYINGQICHUSHUISHUIZHIWENDING,CHUSHUINO2--NHENO3--NJUNDIYU1 mg ·L-1YIXIA,CHUSHUINH4+-NPINGJUNNONGDUWEI6.5 mg ·L-1,TNPINGJUNNONGDUWEI7.5 mg ·L-1,TNPINGJUNQUCHULVDADAO86%. JINGFENXICIJIEDUANJINGYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGQUCHUDEDANZHANQUCHUTNDE 71%,JINGYIYANGFANXIAOHUAFANYINGQUCHUDEDANZHAN26%,QITATUJINGZHAN3%,YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNYUFANXIAOHUAJUNZAICITIAOJIANXIANENGSHIXIANXIETONGTUODAN.

德甲下注   CAIYONG“JIAWANHUA+BANYAXIAOHUA+YANYANGANYANGHUATUODAN”LIANHEGONGYICHULIMONICHENGSHIWUSHUI,CHUSHUITN<4 mg ·L-1,RONGJIEXINGCOD<10 mg ·L-1,DADAOLELIANGHAODECHULIXIAOGUO. ZHEIZHONG3DUANSHICHULIGONGYI,KEYICHONGFENLIYONGGEGEFANYINGQIDETEDIAN,LIANHEQILAIDADAOCHANJIAWANCHUCODHEYANYANGANYANGHUATUODANDEMUDE. CHUSANXIANGSHIFANYINGQIZHIWAI,YOUYANJIUZHELIYONGDANXIANGFANYINGQISHIXIANYANYANGANYANGHUATUODAN. LottiDENG[32]LIYONGSBARFANYINGQISHIXIANLEDUANCHENGXIAOHUA-YANYANGANYANGHUATUODAN,GAIFANYINGQIZAI10℃、 JINSHUINH4+-NNONGDUWEI60 mg ·L-1SHI,RENGNENGYUNXINGLIANGHAO. BENSHIYANCAIYONGABRFANYINGQI,ZAIBUTONGGESHINEIPEIYANGYOUSHIWEISHENGWU,SHIXIANYITIHUACHUTANTUODAN,YOULIYUYANYANGANYANGHUAGONGYIDESHIJIYINGYONG.JUTICANJIANWUSHUIBAOSHANGCHENGZILIAOHUOhttp://www.dowater.comGENGDUOXIANGGUANJISHUWENDANG。

  3 JIELUN

德甲下注   (1)LIYONGABRFANYINGQI1 ∶1HUNHEJIEZHONGYANYANGANYANGHUAKELIWUNIHEYANYANGKELIWUNI,KEZAI45 dNEIKUAISUQIDONGYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYING,BINGSHIXIANWENDINGYUNXING. FANYINGQICHUSHUINO2--N、 NH4+-NHENO3--NNONGDUPINGJUNZHIFENBIEWEI1.1、 4.1HE13 mg ·L-1,ZONGDANPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI83%,GAIJIEDUANSANDANBIWEI1 ∶1.31 ∶0.27.

  (2)XIANGFANYINGQINEIJIARUSHAOLIANGDEYOUJIWU(COD<100 mg ·L-1),KEYITONGGUOYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUNDEXIETONGZUOYONGTIGAOTNQUCHULV. C/NBIWEI1SHI,FANYINGQIKEDADAOZUIJIACHULIXIAOGUO,DUITNQUCHULVWEICHIZAI90%YISHANG; C/NSHENGGAODAO2SHI,ZAIGAOCODDEYINGXIANGXIA,YANYANGANYANGHUAFANYINGSHOUDAOYIZHI,TNQUCHULVXIAJIANG; TONGGUOJIANGDIJINSHUICODNONGDUKEYISHISHOUYOUJITANYIZHIDEFANYINGQIKUAISUHUIFU,SHUOMINGXIETONGTUODANFANYINGQIKEYIDIKANGYIDINGDEYOUJIFUHECHONGJI.

德甲下注   (3)CAIYONGYANYANGANYANGHUAXIETONGFANXIAOHUAFANYINGQICHULICHENGSHIWUSHUI,CHUSHUINO2--NHENO3--NJUNDIYU1 mg ·L-1YIXIA,NH4+-NHETNPINGJUNNONGDUFENBIEWEI6.5 mg ·L-1HE7.5 mg ·L-1,TNPINGJUNQUCHULVDADAO86%YISHANG,SHUOMINGXIETONGTUODANFANYINGQIKEYIGAOXIAOWENDINGDICHULICHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUI,SHANDONGHAILONGZHINENGWUSHUICHULISHEBEICHANGWEININTUIJIAN。(LAIYUAN:SUZHOUKEJIXUEYUANHUANJINGKEXUEYUGONGCHENGXUEYUAN )